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U.S. Feed Grain, Oilseed & Food Grain Land Since 1980
USAgNet - 11/28/2022

The farmdoc daily article of November 16 documented an increasing gap between the growth in consumption and growth in yield of world feed grains, oilseeds, and food grains. More land is thus being planted to these crops, with roughly 22 million more acres needed in 2022. reports that a decline in U.S. food grain acres due to increasing food grain yields and declining food grain consumption has offset the need for more U.S. feed grain and oilseed acres due to a gap between the growth in consumption and yield. As a result, total U.S. land in feed grains, oilseeds, and food grains has been stable in the 21st Century; however, more land may be needed in the near future.

The data in this article are from the Production, Supply, and Distribution Online (PSD) database managed by the US Department of Agriculture, Foreign Agriculture Service. To provide comparability with the November 16, 2022 farmdoc daily, the analysis begins with the 1981/1982 crop year.

Since 1980, use of US feed grains and oilseeds has followed a 2nd degree polynomial time trend. Total quantity of feed grains and oilseeds consumed domestically and exported has increased steadily with the amount of increase growing each year. In contrast, use of U.S. wheat has declined following a linear trend as exports have declined from an average of 41 million metric tons in 1981-1985 to 27 million metric tons in 2018-2022. This decline was partly offset by an increase in average domestic consumption of food grains from 30 to 35 million metric tons.

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